Rheumatism - what is this disease?

Health

Earlier rheumatism was called all diseases, withwhich affected the joints and muscles, soft tissues and many other organs responsible in the human body for support and movement. In recent years, this definition was revised. Currently, the term "rheumatism" is replaced by "rheumatic diseases."

The concept of pathology

Rheumatism - what is this ailment? It is a disease that develops without apparent external causes. It begins with streptococcal infection and continues with damage to the joints, heart muscle, nervous system and some other organs.

rheumatism what is it
However, modern medical literature does notuses the term "rheumatism". What does this mean? The fact is that the world community uses another term when describing this pathology. It sounds like "acute rheumatic fever". For a long period the pathology was very common. The consequence of its development often became heart defects. However, in recent times, cases when the patient is diagnosed with "rheumatism" have significantly decreased. What does it mean? The fact is that science offers a number of very effective preventive measures. This is mainly the use of antibiotics to kill streptococcal infection. Modern medicine is often confronted with the effects of rheumatism, which the patient suffered in childhood, if it was in those days when antibiotic prophylaxis was not carried out.

disease of rheumatism
Rheumatism - what is this pathology? It is a disease that affects connective tissue. Mostly this applies to the cardiovascular, nervous system, as well as the skin. Rheumatism many mistakenly consider the pathology of the joints. However, this ailment takes place for a short time and is completely reversible. But the defeat of the heart muscle leads to a blemish and an early disability.

Symptoms

Disease rheumatism occurs only after twoor three weeks after the patient suffered an infectious infection, the causative agent of which was streptococci. In most cases, such a disease is angina. Less often - pyoderma, affecting the skin.

The patient feels a sharp deterioration in health. His temperature rises. There is swelling, redness and tenderness of the joints. These symptoms are a sign of arthritis. Large joints are usually affected. They are the shoulder, knee and elbow joints. Less common pathology extends to small joints of brushes and feet.

tests for rheumatism
Often patients complain of migrating pain symptoms. These unpleasant sensations change their location from one joint to another. Arthritis with rheumatism lasts no more than seven days.

Treatment

The basis of effective disposal of rheumatism lies in the strict observance of the regime recommended by the doctor. With inflammation of the heart muscle, the patient should reduce the intake of salt.

To get rid of streptococcus are prescribedantibiotics of the penicillin series or macrolides. In the course of treatment should be included and anti-inflammatory non-steroid drugs ("Ibufen" or "Diclofenac"). They help reduce the activity of inflammatory processes.

In the event that fluid retention occurs in the body, diuretics are recommended. In the treatment of vices, antiarrhythmics are used.

Diagnosis of the disease

The detection of pathology is possible only in the event that,when tests for rheumatism will be submitted. Their main goal is the detection of streptococcal infection. And it needs to be done in a certain time. From the onset of joint damage, six weeks must pass. The causative agent of the disease is determined when sowing a smear from the tonsils. The infection will be indicated by an increase in the amount of C-reactive protein in the blood, as well as an increase in ESR. Confirmation of the diagnosis is possible only with EchoCG and ECG, in which the functioning of the heart muscle is examined.